Uncontrolled Blood Glucose Level: Characteristics among Adult Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Aden, Yemen
Introduction: The study was conducted to find out the frequency and characteristics of uncontrolled blood glucose levels among type 2 diabetic patients.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 16 public and private medical outpatients' clinics including Aden Diabetes Center at Al-Gamhouria Modern General Hospital in Aden, in the period from 10 April to 10 June 2019. Patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged ≥ 18 years and treated for more than one year were included. Data were collected through directly interviewing the patients using a structured questionnaire that included patients, medical and medication characteristics.
Result: A total of 180 patients with type 2 diabetes participated in the present study. Just above half (52.8%) were males and 47.2% females. The mean age was 55.4±10.93 years. Fifty-four percent of the patients have family history of diabetes mellitus. Poor glycemic control was found in 77.2% of the patients whereas irregular exercise was found in 63.3%. A total of 109 patients (60.6%) used antidiabetic medications only while 71 patients (39.4%) used antidiabetic and medications for cardiovascular diseases. Metformin was less frequently used (alone or in combination) in poorly controlled patients, while insulin (alone or in combination with oral drugs) was more utilized.
Conclusion: A higher frequency of poorly controlled type 2 diabetic patients is observed in this study. Type of medications, insufficient exercise, unemployment, duration and family history of diabetes are factors related to uncontrolled diabetes.
Keywords: Hyperglycemia, Poor Control, Metformin, Diabetes Medications, Frequency.